FLIM:  Functioning of Local and Invasive Macroalgae: Carbon and Nitrogen Budgets and Climate Change

NDP Logo IRCSET Logo
 

 

 

 

Research Measure:            Policy

Funding Type:                     IRCSET EMPOWER

Funding Year:                     2009

Project Type:                       Post-Doctoral Fellowship

Total Grant-Aid:                   €83,100

Lead Partner:                      NUI, Galway

Project Summary:              

This project focuses on the functional and adaptive ability of two macroalgal species, with differential annual growth patterns, that play an important role in marine ecosystems in particular on the Irish west coast. Ascophyllum nodosum is an abundant indigenous species that is commercially harvested along the west coast whilst Sargassum muticum is an invasive species whose rapid colonisation of Irish shores can have significant ecological impacts. In situ and laboratory experimentation are undertaken to determine the seasonal importance of these two macroalgae in the carbon and nitrogen cycling of coastal areas, and their ability to respond to current and future environmental conditions, induced by climate change and ocean acidification. The project includes the measurement of seasonal and diurnal variability in carbon fluxes and assessment of potential impacts of increased CO2 and temperature on intertidal organisms using microcosms. The expected results will contribute to the global understanding of the contribution of macroalgae to seasonal and annual carbon budgets and hence allow us to determine if macroalgal systems are a sink or source of CO2 to the atmosphere. The overall importance of this work will rest in its contribution to national and international efforts to comprehend the impacts of invasive species and climate change on the functioning of marine ecosystems.

      
        

In this section:

home
Azaspiracids
Griffith Award in BioGeosciences
EEL-PLAN
Making the European Fisheries Ecosystem Operational
Fish Population Genetics
Marine Economic & Social Research
Acoustic Based Cetacean Detection
Flavouring and Taste Components in Irish Seaweeds
Information Management & Archive Solutions
Climate and Catchment Environment
Impacts of Increased Atmospheric CO2 on Ocean Chemistry and Ecosystems
Optimisation of Mooring Systems for Wave Energy Arrays
AquaReg
Marine Functional Foods Research Initiative
Can Geoinforamtics be used to Predict the Coastal Response to 21st Century Climate Change
SUDEVAB
Euro Argo - Global Ocean Observing Infrastructure
CoralFISH
MyOcean
MABFUEL – Marine Algae as Biomass for Biofuel
Griffith Award in Marine Petroleum Geology
HERMIONE– Hotspot Ecosystem Research and Man’s Impact on European Seas
Parsons Award in Ocean Energy
AQUAMED- The future of research on aquaculture in the Mediterranean region
SUSTAIN Assessing Sustainability and Strengthening Operational Policy
SmartCoast
WATER Warning of Algal Toxin Events to support aquaculture in the NPP Coastal Zone Region
NetALGAE
MESH-ATLANTIC
AARC - Atlantic Aquatic Resource Conservation
WAVETRAIN II
COEXIST – Interaction in Coastal Waters
AIRSEA
CORES
DeepFishMan
ECOKNOWS- Effective use of ecosystems and biological knowledge in fisheries
EELIAD
EquiMAR
KnowSeas - Knowledge-based Sustainable Management for Europe's Seas
MarineTT- European Marine Research Knowledge Transfer and Uptake of Results
PROPS
SALSEA-Merge
SUPPORT- Security Upgrade for PORTs
SKEMA
CLAMER- Climate Change and Marine Ecosystem Research Results
STANDPOINT
SHOAL
MARINA Platform- Marine Renewable Integrated Application Platform
ORECCA- Off-shore Renewable Energy Conversion platforms- Coordination Action
GEO-SEAS- Pan-European Infrastructure for Management of Marine and Ocean Geological and Geophysical Data
EELA-2- E-Science Grid Facility for Europe and Latin America
Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management
Joined-up Thinking from Joined-Up Data
SEAS ERA- Towards integrated European marine research
Prevent-Escape
Aqualnnova
The Ecology of Baleen Whales in Irish Waters - Resolving Migrations - Stock Structure and Trophodynamics using Molecular Genetics and Stable Isotopes
Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning Relationships in a Changing Environment: Impacts of Changes in Density, Population Structure and Evenness of key Species
Quantifying the Functional Components of Biodiversity - Coupling Theory with Experiment
Development of a Greenhouse Gas Ocean-Atmosphere Flux Sensor with MEMS-based Photoacoustic Technology
Ecological Relevance of Biomarkers in Predicting the Impacts of Pollution in Marine Ecosystems
Tracking Ocean Giants and their Jellyfish Prey
Combined Effects of Multiple Disturbances and Environmental Change on Intertidal Ecosystems
Testing Simulations of Relative Sea-level Change: A Marine Geophysical Perspective
BINDING - Barnacle Inspired Design in Glueing Technology
Aerosol Mass Spectrometry Studies in the Marine and Polluted Atmosphere
Relationships: The Importance of Functional Diversity, Mechanism and Environmental Context
Biosafety for Environmental Contaminants using Novel Sensors (Drinking Water and Seafood Toxin Sensors)
Discovery and Application of Novel Bioactive Substances from Marine Sponges for the Control of Major Food Pathogens
Quantification and evaluation of Submarine Groundwater Discharge to Irish Coastal Waters
Identification of Marine Antimicrobials as Effective Solutions to Bio Fouling
SEAFEED: Unlocking Bioactive Potential of Seaweed for Novel Animal Health Applications
Using Participatory Governance to Adapt to Climate Change (CLAD)
Pre-Commercialisation Evaluation of Algal Derived Prebiotic Poly- and Oligosaccharides using Phenotype Micro-array Technology
Griffith Award in GeoScience Data
The Assessment and Potential Human Impact of Exposure to Environmental Contaminants on Marine and Freshwater Bivalves
Impact of Climate Change on Fish Stocks
Tacit Knowledge
Gill Pathologies
EIRCOD - Cod Broodstock & Breeding Programme
AquaPlan
E-freight - European e-freight capabilities for Co-modal transport
MESMA - Monitoring and Evaluation of Spatially Managed Areas
Azipilot
MIDTAL
CoralFISH
Novel Passive Sampling Devices for the Monitoring of Priority Pollutants
Novel Anti-fouling Stategies based on Materials Doped with Nanoparticles for use in New Monitoring Technologies
Smart Catchment Demonstration: Long-term deployment of sensor monitroing system (DEPLOY)
Juvenile Fish Habitat Requirements in Changing Coastal Ecosystems
Alien Invasive Species in Irish Water Bodies
SADOSE
Nutrient and Ecosystem Dynamics in Irelands Only Marine Nature Reserve
Anthropogenic Impacts on Marine Biodiversity
Air-Sea Exchange Processes (EASI-AQCIS)
Marine Mammals & Megafauna in Irish Waters
Biological Effects for the Assessment of Pollution in Irish Waters
Assessing the Impact of Waste Water Treatment Plant Effluent on Norovirus Contamination in Shellfisheries
Assessment of Exposure to Metallic Nanoparticles on Marine and Freshwater Model Organisms at Cellular and Genetic Level
SIMBIOSYS - Sectoral Impacts on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
Biodiversity and Ecological Requirements of Meiofauna and a Typology for Irish Transitional Waters
Application of Signal Detection Methods to the Fisheries Management System
Isolation and Synthesis of Bioactive Natural Products from Marine Sources
Exploiting marine biodiversity to develop drugs for normalising neural communication in disease
Anti-Inflammatory potential of Marine Extracts
Marine Sensors & Communications
Marine Biodiscovery
Miniatuised Multi-Channel Cytometry System
Development of Viable Hatchery and Ongrowing Methodologies for Seaweed Species
Data Management for Marine Geological & Geophysical Datasets
MATSIS Project
STRAND 111
METRIC
Long-Term Dynamics of Herring Populations
The Life History, Ecology and Dynamics of the Black Scabbard
Rebuilding Depleted Fish Stocks in the Waters Around Ireland
Modelling the Ecology, Population Dynamics, Assessment & Managment of Nephrops
Water-based Tourism and Leisure Product Audit 2006
Discard Mitigation Plans
Marine Tourism Research Activities
Methodology for the Quantitative Assessment of Ireland's Inshore Kelp Resource
Marine Monitoring System