Artists Kennedy Browne join RV Celtic Explorer for Galway 2020 project

Recovery of the ROV Holland 1 during the cold-water coral survey on the Marine Institute's RV Celtic Explorer. Photo: Kennedy Browne. Irish artists Gareth Kennedy and Sarah Browne, who work together as Kennedy Browne, joined a six-day research expedition on board the Marine Institute’s RV Celtic Explorer investigating cold-water coral habitats in the Porcupine Bank Canyon.

Since 2017, European artists, writers and composers have been embarking on surveys on the Marine Institute’s RV Celtic Explorer as part of the Aerial/Sparks project. Created by artist Louise Manifold for Galway’s European Capital of Culture programme, Aerial/Sparks will result in the creation of standalone artworks for radio broadcast in autumn 2020.

For this ROV (remotely operated vehicle) survey, the research group, led by University College Cork’s Dr Aaron Lim, recovered landers deployed by the team on a survey earlier in the summer. These monitoring systems were recording the speed, temperatures and direction of the currents around cold-water coral habitats at several sites along the Porcupine Bank Canyon, a submarine canyon over 300km from the west coast of Ireland. The landers also trap samples of the food, sediments and microplastics being deposited around the corals to understand conditions and how the corals are coping with changing oceans.

For Kennedy Browne, the chance to go to sea on a research vessel was a dream invitation and a unique artistic opportunity. For Aerial/Sparks, Kennedy Browne were excited to work further with methods of audio recording and with the medium of radio as a form of transmission.

Collaborative reading and scripting is a big part of Kennedy Browne’s method of working together and they share an enthusiasm for working collaboratively across disciplines. During the research survey, they were struck by how the data gathered from the coral banks could be of use to scientists from very different disciplines, from geology to zoology: "It was impressive to see knowledge being collaboratively shared and worked through in this way. Seeing and thinking about coral as a material in this way led us to some research into its mythology, and its representation in paintings from the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries. It's a richly evocative material and we hope to incorporate it into our project." Luke O’Neill and Dr. Aaron Lim at work in the Wet Lab on the RV Celtic Explorer. Photo: Kennedy Browne

The experience of being at sea and on a 24-hour working ship made a huge impression on the artists who became fully immersed in this constantly moving, working vessel. While acknowledging the pressurised environment that demands a huge input of energy and resources from everyone involved, they were impressed by how the team of scientists and crew worked together in concert: "The atmosphere is sensitive to how the work is going, what the weather is like, what’s going to be served for dinner. Suspense and humour punctuate conversations and silences unevenly, with a constant background feed of data and commentary on that data — from the wind, the ocean, from landers dropped a few months ago or seismic events that occurred thousands of years ago. Time thickened and acquired an unusual density. As the days progressed and work was going smoothly, there were more opportunities for conversation and more music heard on the radio."

The main focus of the expedition was to retrieve all eight lander systems, which had been deployed between 700 and 2,500m water depth, using the Marine Institute’s ROV Holland 1. The artists watched the video feed of the ROV searching the ocean floor for landers: "It’s difficult to convey the tension and awe of watching the feed. We witnessed incredible beauty and banal violence on the sea floor at the Porcupine Bank: an albino rabbitfish (Chimaera monstrosa), and moments later, a discount shopping bag caught under a rock. Overall we found these contrasts of the sublime and the common place were a pretty striking marker of our experience." 

An albino rabbitfish (Chimaera monstrosa) visible on the ROV Holland 1 camera in the  Porcupine Bank Canyon. Photo: Kennedy BrowneThe discovery of plastic rubbish at the bottom of the canyon (2,125m) underscores the reach of human plastic waste and the samples will be analysed by the scientists to see if microplastics are being fed to the corals from above. 

The artists took photographs, video and audio recordings inside and outside the ship, talked to the scientists and crew about their work, and visited the dry lab and wet lab frequently. Following the survey, they aim to pick up conversations they've begun with a new focus and are as intrigued by the working culture of the ship as the scientific research. The marine geology team will return to the canyon and similar habitats for a number of years to monitor the changes in the environment around these habitats and Kennedy Browne hope to return to sea for another survey in 2020. 

The next step for Kennedy Browne will be a collaborative writing week in the winter. They are planning a new sculpture and audio broadcast for development and production next year, which will be presented as part of the Aerial/Sparks project in 2020.

Aerial/Sparks is funded by the Galway European Capital of Culture 2020 programme, the Arts Council of Ireland Project Awards and the Marine Institute. For more information on Aerial/Sparks visit the Galway2020 website.

To keep up to date with the survey results and further research of UCC’s Marine Geology Research Group visit



Marine Institute
The Marine Institute is the state agency responsible for marine research, technology development and innovation in Ireland. The Marine Institute provides government, public agencies and the maritime industry with a range of scientific, advisory and economic development services that inform policy-making, regulation and the sustainable management and growth of Ireland's marine resources. 

Kennedy Browne
Kennedy Browne is the collaborative practice of artists Gareth Kennedy and Sarah Browne, based in Ireland. Kennedy Browne seeks to address the supposedly eternal narrative of neoliberal capitalism as a fiction, and to do so by generating Other, competing fictions. They work mainly with moving image, working with collaborative processes of scripting, editing, and re-staging in locations they identify as significant within the plot of global capitalism – such as the Titanic Quarter in Belfast, at the Whiddy Island Strategic Oil Reserve in Bantry Bay, and in Silicon Valley, California.

In 2018 Kennedy Browne presented The Special Relationship at Krannert Art Museum, a survey exhibition of work since 2009. Their solo exhibitions include The Myth of the Many in the One, Wilfried Lentz Gallery, Rotterdam (2014) and How Capital Moves, Limerick City Gallery of Art (2011) and 167 at the Centre Culturel Irlandais, Paris (2010). Group exhibitions include Liquid Assets at the Steirischer Herbst Festival, Graz, Austria (2013); the Bern Biennial, Switzerland and Zero1 Biennial, San Jose (both 2012); and L'Exposition Lunatique, Kadist Foundation, Paris (2010). Kennedy Browne co-represented Ireland at the 53rd Venice Biennale with Gareth Kennedy and Sarah Browne.

Created by artist Louise Manifold for Galway’s European Capital of Culture programme, Aerial/Sparks is an interdisciplinary art collaboration with the Marine Institute that explores radio connectivity and its relationship to ocean space.
As part of the project, European artists are developing work based on their experience of time spent at sea with the Marine Institute’s research vessel RV Celtic Explorer, one of the few marine research vessels with sonic capabilities. The commissioned artists will create compelling stand-alone art works for radio broadcast in Ireland and Europe.
The collaboration has opened up exceptional opportunities to foster connections between art and science as the artists work side-by-side with the scientists who are undertaking the surveys.
In September 2020, Aerial/Sparks will present a series of broadcasting experiments that will inspire, arrest, and fascinate audiences on both a grand and intimate level. It will invite us to engage with wireless imagination to reconnect to our ocean wilderness - one of the last remaining unknowns.

Galway 2020
Galway will be the European Capital of Culture in 2020. As one of the largest cultural events in the world, Galway 2020 promises to deliver a year of thrilling, life-enhancing experiences through culture and the arts. The exciting pan-European programme for the year will see events in unexpected venues and locations throughout the region on the islands, in remote villages, in fields, mountains and on beaches. From food, music, dance, literature and visual arts to poetry, theatre, sport and largescale spectacle, everyone will get the opportunity to enjoy a fun-filled, once-in-a-lifetime experience.